235 Lowest Common Ancestor of a Binary Search Tree

235. Lowest Common Ancestor of a Binary Search Tree

1. Question

Given a binary search tree (BST), find the lowest common ancestor (LCA) of two given nodes in the BST.
According to the definition of LCA on Wikipedia: “The lowest common ancestor is defined between two nodes v and w as the lowest node in T that has both v and w as descendants (where we allow a node to be a descendant of itself).”
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_______6______
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/ \
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___2__ ___8__
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/ \ / \
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0 _4 7 9
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/ \
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3 5
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For example, the lowest common ancestor (LCA) of nodes2and8is6. Another example is LCA of nodes2and4is2, since a node can be a descendant of itself according to the LCA definition.

2. Implementation

(1) Recursion
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class Solution {
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public TreeNode lowestCommonAncestor(TreeNode root, TreeNode p, TreeNode q) {
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if (root.val < Math.min(p.val, q.val)) {
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return lowestCommonAncestor(root.right, p, q);
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}
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else if (root.val > Math.max(p.val, q.val)) {
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return lowestCommonAncestor(root.left, p, q);
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}
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else {
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return root;
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}
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}
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}
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(2) Iteration
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class Solution {
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public TreeNode lowestCommonAncestor(TreeNode root, TreeNode p, TreeNode q) {
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TreeNode curNode = root;
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while (curNode != null) {
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if (curNode.val < p.val && curNode.val < q.val) {
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curNode = curNode.right;
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}
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else if (curNode.val > p.val && curNode.val > q.val) {
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curNode = curNode.left;
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}
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else {
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break;
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}
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}
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return curNode;
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}
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}
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3. Time & Space Complexity

Recursion: 时间复杂度: O(h), 空间复杂度: O(h)
Iteration: 时间复杂度:O(h) , 空间复杂度:O(1)